八年级下册外研版的所有知识点总结(外研版八年级下册1)

1.外研版八年级下册1

1. 免费 be free 3. 活到200岁 live to be 200 years old 5. 更少的污染 less pollution 7. 更少地使用地铁 use the subway less 9. 更多的高楼 more tall buildings 11. 十年后 in ten years 13. 住的地方 places to live 15. 住在太空站 live on the space station 17. 住在公寓 live in an apartment 19. 一个人住 live alone/by oneself 21. 去滑冰 go skating 23. 看起来很时髦 look smart 25. 穿着随意 dress casually 27. 实现 come true 29. 在未来 in the future 八年级下 Unit 2 argued with sb. 与某人生气 have an argument with sb.与某人生气 out of style 不时髦的 in style 时髦的 keep out 不让……进入 call sb. up 打电话给…… on the phone 用电话交谈 pay for 付款 part-time job 兼职工作 Teen Talk 青少年论坛 the same as 与…同样的 get on 相处 as much as possible 尽可能多 all kinds of 各种 on the other hand一方面 borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物 found out 找出 is popular at school 在学校受欢迎 except me 除了我 have a quick supper 去吃快餐 not……until 直到……才 try to do 试着去做 complain about doing sth.抱怨做某事 seem to do comparing…with 把…与…做比较 think for 为…着想 find it +adj.+to do sth.发现做某事很怎样 learn to do 学会做某事 八年级下 Unit 3 barber shop 理发店 get out 出去 take off 起飞 train station 火车站 come in 进来 Beijing International Airport北京国际机场 hear about 听说 take place 发生 World Trade Center世界贸易中心 as…as 和…一样 in front of 在…的前面 clean my room打扫我的房间 sleep late 睡懒觉 make a smooth做思木西 cook dinner 做晚饭 eat lunch 吃中午饭 cut hair 剪头发 have…experience有…经历 in the morning 在早晨 walk down 走下来 very surprised 非常惊奇 souvenir shop 纪念品商店 TV station 电视台 in the museum 在博物馆 climb a tree 爬树 jump down 跳下 take a photo 照相 called the police报警 rode his bicycle 骑自行车 buy a newspaper买一份报纸 run away 逃跑 think about 考虑…做某事 for example 举例子 heard about 听说 having fun 玩的高兴 in silence 在… told us 告诉我们 in space 在太空 over the world遍及全世界 became famous因…而出名 next to 挨着 1. arrive at/in 2. a TV reporter 3. in front of 4. in the front of 5. get out of 6. sleep late 7. in(at) the library 8. the Museum of Flight 9. buy a souvenir 10. call the police 11. call the TV station 12. call the newspaper 13. take off 14. an unusual experience 15. jump down from 16. take photos of 17. too scared 18. walk to school 19. in the tree 20. on the tree 21. police officer 22. at the doctor's 23. go shopping( do some shopping) 24. a barber shop 25. on/in the playground 26. ten minutes ago 27. in silence 28. keep silent/quiet 29. take place 30. become a national hero 31. become/be famous for 32. become/be famous as 33. all over the world (in the world) 34. in turn 35. have fun (enjoy oneself) 36. on the moon 37. be murdered 38. be destroyed 39. on this day 40. hear about/of 41. be born 42. cut hair ( have one's cut) 八年级下 Unit 5 Have a great time玩的高兴 let in ` ```进来 stay at home 呆在家 Help sb. (to) do sth..帮助某人做某事 take away 拿走 ask sb. To sth At the party 在晚会上 go to college 去大学 be\become famous变的有名 Travel around the world环游世界 make money 挣钱 work hard 努力工作 A professional soccer player 一名职业足球运动员 seem like 看起来像 Make a living 谋生 all over the world世界各地 give money to 捐钱 All the time 一直 for a living 为``````谋生 get injured 受伤 in fact 事实上 Be able to 能够 be going to spend time 消磨时间 too much 太多 laugh at 笑话某人 go back In order 为了`````` 八年级下 Unit 9 be late for 迟到 look like 看起来象 in order 按顺序 by noon 到中午为止 on the weekend 在周末 have a good day!玩的愉快 looking through 浏览 waiting inline 排队 really low 降低 tell sb. about yourself告诉某人有关你的事 a ball game fan 球迷 be friendly to sb.对某人友好 feel like 感觉像 a friend like you 像你一样的朋友 get along 相处 thanks for 因……而感谢 ask sb. To do sth.要求某人做某事 go with me 和我一起去 think of 想起 leave early 早早离开 at least 至少 be careful 小心 八年纪 下册 Unit 10 most of 大多数 make sb. Laugh让某人笑 like to do 喜欢做某事 like doing both like 都喜欢 the same like 和``````一样 for me 对我来说 get the job 上班 enjoy doing sth 好难呢 以下完全自己打的 给分啊 第一单元 主要就是一般将来时I will 。

I am going to doI am doing 3种一般将来时结构 以及 There will be 或 There is going to be 短语老了 别累我了第二单元 很简单 shold + 动词原型 could 是can 的过去式 也表示委婉的请求 第三单元 过去进行时 也很简单啊 就是把一般进行时 里的 am is are 改成 were 或 was 似乎 也没什么了吧 短语 老师都给你们记了吧 给分吧 (*^__^*) 嘻嘻。

2.初中英语外研社版8年级下册学习重点及语法知识

a series of 一系列,一连串 above all 首先,尤其是 after all 毕竟,究竟 ahead of 在。

之前 ahead of time 提前 all at once 突然,同时 all but 几乎;除了。都 all of a sudden 突然 all over 遍及 all over again 再一次,重新 all the time 一直,始终 all the same 仍然,照样的 as regards 关于,至于 anything but 根本不 as a matter of fact 实际上 apart from 除。

外(有/无) as a rule 通常,照例 as a result(of) 因此,由于 as far as 。be concerned 就。

而言 as far as 远至,到。程度 as for 至于,关于 as follows 如下 as if 好像,仿怫 as good as 和。

几乎一样 as usual 像平常一样,照例 as to 至于,关于 all right 令人满意的;可以 as well 同样,也,还 as well as 除。外(也),即。

又 aside from 除。外(还有) at a loss 茫然,不知所措 at a time 一次,每次 at all 丝毫(不),一点也不 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at all events 不管怎样,无论如何 at all times 随时,总是 at any rate 无论如何,至少 at best 充其量,至多 at first 最初,起先 at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 at hand 在手边,在附近 at heart 内心里,本质上 at home 在家,在国内 at intervals 不时,每隔。

at large 大多数,未被捕获的 at least 至少 at last 终于 at length 最终,终于 at most 至多,不超过 at no time 从不,决不 by accident 偶然 at one time 曾经,一度;同时 at present 目前,现在 at sb's disposal 任。处理 at the cost of 以。

为代价 at the mercy of 任凭。摆布 at the moment 此刻,目前 at this rate 照此速度 at times 有时,间或 back and forth 来回地,反复地 back of 在。

后面 before long 不久以后 beside point 离题的,不相干的 beyond question 毫无疑问 by air 通过航空途径 by all means 尽一切办法,务必 by and by 不久,迟早 by chance 偶然,碰巧 by far 最,。得多 by hand 用手,用体力 by itself 自动地,独自地 by means of 用,依靠 by mistake 错误地,无意地 by no means 决不,并没有 by oneself 单独地,独自地 by reason of 由于 by the way 顺便说说 by virtue of 借助,由于 by way of 经由,通过。

方法 due to 由于,因为 each other 互相 even if/though 即使,虽然 ever so 非常,极其 every now and then 时而,偶尔 every other 每隔一个的 except for 除了。外 face to face 面对面地 far from 远非,远离 for ever 永远 for good 永久地 for the better 好转 for the moment 暂时,目前 for the present 暂时,目前 for the sake of 为了,为了。

的利益 for the time being 暂时,眼下 from time to time 有时,不时 hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联 head on 迎面地,正面的 heart and soul 全心全意地 how about 。怎么样 in a hurry 匆忙,急于 in case of 假如,防备 in a moment 立刻,一会儿 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a way 在某种程度上 in a word 简言之,总之 in accordance with 与。

一致,按照 in addition 另外,加之 in addition to 除。之外(还) in advance 预先,事先 in all 总共,合计 in any case 无论如何 in any event 无论如何 in brief 简单地说 in charge of 负责,总管 in common 共用的,共有的 in consequence(of) 因此;由于 in debt 欠债,欠情 in detail 详细地 in difficulty 处境困难 in effect 实际上,事实上 in general 一般来说,大体上 in favor of 支持,赞成 in front of 面对,在。

前 in half 成两半 in hand 在进行中,待办理 in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念 in itself 本质上,就其本身而言 in line with 与。一致 in memory of 纪念 in no case 决不 in no time 立即,马上 in no way 决不 in order 按顺序,按次序 in other words 换句话说 in part 部分地 in particular 特别,尤其 in person 亲自,本人 in place 在合适的位置 in place of 代替,取代,交换 in practice 在实践中,实际上 in proportion to 与。

成比例 in public 公开地,当众 in quantity 大量 in question 正在谈论的 in regard to 关于,至于 in relation to 关于,涉及 in return 作为报答/回报/交换 in return for 作为对。报答 in short 简言之,总之 in sight 被见到;在望 in spite of 尽管 in step 齐步,合拍 in step with 与。

一致/协调 in tears 流着泪,在哭着 in the course of 在。期间/过程中 in the distance 在远处 in the end 最后,终于 in the event of 如果。

发生,万一 in the face of 即使;在。面前 in the first place 首先 in the future 在未来 in the least 丝毫,一点 in (the)light of 鉴于,由于 in the way 挡道 in the world 究竟,到底 in time 及时 in touch 联系,接触 in turn 依次,轮流;转而 in vain 徒劳,白费力 instead of 代替,而不是 just now 眼下;刚才 little by little 逐渐地 lots of 许多 many a 许多 more or less 或多或少,有点 next door 隔壁的,在隔壁 no doubt 无疑地 no less than 不少于。

;不亚于。 no longer 不再 no more 不再 no more than 至多,同。

一样不 none other than 不是别的,正是 on one's guard 警惕,提防 nothing but 只有,只不过 now and then 时而,偶尔 off and on 断断续续,间歇地 off duty 下班 on a large/small scale 大/小规模地 on account of 由于 on(an/the) average 平均,通常 on behalf of 代表 on board 在船(车/飞机)上 on business 因公 on 。

3.八年级下英语 复习提纲之类的

新目标八年级英语上册语法复习1) leave的用法1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。

例如: When did you leave Shanghai? 你什么时候离开上海的?2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如: Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London. 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。

3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如: Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing? 你为什么要离开上海去北京?2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用 should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如: How should I know? 我怎么知道?Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚? should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如: We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。

我们在使用时要注意以下几点:1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。

例如: You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。 2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。

例如: You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。 3. 用于表示可能性。

should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如: We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。

She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。 3) What。

与 Which。? 1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。

如: What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的? 该句相当于: What does your father do? What is your father's job? Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如: ---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特? ---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。

2. What。? 是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which。

是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如: What color do you like best?(所有颜色)你最喜爱什么颜色? Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? 你最喜爱哪一种颜色? (有特定的范围) 3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。

如: Which pictures are from China? 哪些图片来自中国?4) 频度副词的位置 1.常见的频度副词有以下这些: always(总是,一直)usually(通常)often(常常,经常)sometimes(有时候)never(从不) 2.频度副词的位置: a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如: David is often arrives late for school.大卫上学经常迟到。

b.放在行为动词前。如: We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.我们每天经常在7:10去上学。

c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如: Sometimes I walk home, sometime I ride a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。

3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如: Never have I been there.我从没到过那儿。

5) every day 与 everyday 1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如: We go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天7:10去上学。

I decide to read English every day. 我决定每天读英语。 2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。

She watches everyday English on TV after dinner. 她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。 What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?6) 什么是助动词1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。

被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如: He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。

(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来: a. 表示时态,例如: He is singing. 他在唱歌。 He has got married. 他已结婚。

b. 表示语态,例如: He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。 c. 构成疑问句,例如: Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗? Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如: I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。

e. 加强语气,例如: Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。 He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。

3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do 1.forget to do忘记要去做某事(未做);forget doing忘记做过某事(已做) The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作) He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。

( 已做过关灯的动作) Don't forget to come tomorrow. 别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做) 典型例题 ---- The light in the office is still on. ---- Oh,I forgot___. A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off 答案:C。

由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

2.remember to do记得去做某事(未做);remember doing记得做过某事(已做) Remember to go to the post office after school.记着放学后去趟邮局。Don't you remember se。

4.外研版初二下英语语法总结(非外研版免进)

语法专题 Module 1 简单句:由一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)构成。

一. 五种基本句型: 1.主语+系动词+表语 (S+V+P)He is happy. 2.主语+不及物动词+(状语) ( S+V ) He is swimming. 3.主语+及物动词+宾语+(状语) ( S+V+O ) I saw him just now. 4.主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 ( S+V+IO+DO ) She lent me a bike, 主语+及物动词+直接宾语+间接宾语 ( S+V+DO+IO ) She lent a bike to me. 5.主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 ( S+V+O+OC) The good news made us happy. 二. 练习:写出下列句子的基本成分。 1、He likes music very much. 2、The soup tastes salty. 3、She works very hard. 4、My teacher asked me to come a little earlier next time. 5、My father bought me a computer. Module 2 宾语从句:以一个句子作为宾语的复合句。

一. 宾语从句的时态: 主句从句 一般现在时要根据具体情况选择所需要的时态 一般过去时相应的过去时态 一般过去时客观真理或自然现象时,从句用一般现在时态 e.g. He says that he is going to the cinema. He said that he couldn't finish the work on time. The teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun. 二. 宾语从句的语序:陈述句的语序。 三. 宾语从句的引导词: 陈述句that (在口语中可省去) 一般疑问句if / whether 特殊疑问句疑问词 (what, when, where, who, why, which, how) e.g. He says. He likes painting.---- He says (that) he likes painting. Is he American? He asked ---- He asked if / whether he was American. Where is the cinema? I don't know ---- I don't know where the cinema is. 四. 练习:把下列句子改为宾语从句。

1.The story is very interesting. (he said) 2.What did you say? ( I didn't hear) 3.Where does he come from. (I want to know) 4.Is your father a doctor? (my teacher asked) 5.Has she seen the film? (I don't know) 6.How can I get to the hospital. (Can you tell me) 7.He is playing computer games. (he says) 8.They will have a meeting tomorrow. (I know) Module 3 动词不定式(to do)和动名词(v-ing) 有些动词后面需加to do或-ing来把意思补充完整。接to do的单词多为 “打算”、“计划”、“希望”之类的动词,而这些动词都表示未来。

接-ing形式的动词要么表示是正在进行,要么表示一般性或经常性行为。有的动词既可以接to do,也可以接-ving。

一. 接to do的动词有:want, would like, agree, refuse, decide, learn, need, offer, afford, wish, hope, ask等。 二. 接-ing的动词有:feel like, keep, enjoy, finish, practice等。

三. 既可以接to do,也可以接-ving的动词有:hate, like, love, begin, start(意思一样),remember, forget, continue, stop, try, go on(意思不一样)等。 四. 练习:用所给词的适当形式填空。

1.Would you like _____________ (have) a cup of tea? 2.I'm very tired, let's stop _____________ (have) a rest. 3.I asked why he smiled, but he couldn't remember _________________ (smile) at me. 4.He wants _____________ (buy) a new bike. 5.You must keep _______________ (practice) ______________ (speak) English every day. 6.Have you finished _____________ (read) the book? 7.I decide ______________ (visit) the Great Wall this holiday. 8.My sister enjoys _______________ (listen) to music. 9.He learnt ______________ (swim) all by himself. 10.My father agreed ____________ (buy) me a computer. 11.I forgot _____________ (close) the door yesterday. 12.I hate ______________ (lose). 13.The teacher is coming, we stop _____________. (talk) 14.We tried ______________ (finish) the work on time. 15.Sally refused ______________ (play) during the final practice. 16.He offers ____________ (help) me with the work. 17.She can't afford ______________ (buy) a dictionary. 18.I hope _____________ (go) abroad. 19.Da Wei asked ____________ (play) the computer game on my father's computer. 20.He started _______________ (make) his own radio programmer at the age of fifteen. Module 4-5 一.由if引导的条件状语从句 (如果。) 1.句子结构 主句 + if从句. If从句, 主句. 2.时态变化 主句从句 一般将来时 will won't一般现在时 v. don't + v. v.-s doesn't + v. 启使句 v. Don't + v. e.g.: If you (want) to say something, (hand) up, please. = If Lily (receive) the gift, she (be) very happy. = If she (get) up late, she (not catch) the bus. = =She should , or 二. 感叹句 (多。

啊!) 1.What + a/an/。

+ adj. + n. (+ 主语 + be)! (+ 从句) e.g.: clean classroom it ! honest kid Tom ! terrible news this ! fantastic concerts they ! funny place we went yesterday! 2. How + adj. + 主语 (the + n. /人名/代词) + be! How + adv. + 主语 + v.! How + adj./adv. + 从句! e.g.: 改写上面的句子. 短语、词组归纳] 由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:一、动词+介词1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …。

5.八年级下册外研版英语第五模块知识点

八年级下册外研版英语第五模块知识点1、can't help doing sth禁不住做某事 2、orange-and-white橙白相间的 3、win the heart of sb 赢得某人的心 4、make a terrible mess 制造混乱 5、stay/ run/walk/go/keep/ away from 远离 6、expect to do sth 期盼做某事 7、black-and-white 黑白的 8、his own private world 他的私人世界 9、be satisfied with 对…满意 10、over=more than 超过 11、It's time to do sth 到了做某事的时间了 12、fly through the sky 穿越天空 13、fight bad people 打击坏人 14、climb up buildings 爬建筑物 15、keep/finish doing sth 16、real hero 真正的英雄 17、I don't think we agree. 我认为我们的观点不同 18、humorous cartoons 幽默卡通 19、let us do sth 让我们做某事.. 20、both of them 两个都 21、everywhere=here and there 到处 22、a copy of 一本two copies of两本 23、lead sb 领导某人 24、a place to live in 一个居住地 25、celebrate his sixtieth birthday 庆祝他的第六十个生日 26、laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 27、your/my/his/her/ own 你/我/他/她自己的 28、What do you think of… 你认为…怎么样 29、enjoy oneself 玩的愉快 30、not only..but also.. 不但..而且.. 31、from time to time 间或;有时 32、mind (not)doing (不)介意做某事 33、at the top of 在..的顶部 34、at the bottom of 在..的底部 35、have+过去分词…for…"一段时间": have后面跟延续性动词 36、That's cool.太酷了/很棒 37、as 当…时;在..期间 38、as well as也(强调其前面的内容)谓语就前。

6.外研版八年级下英语语法

Unit6 Fun Cycling Topic1 We're going on a spring field trip 一. 重点词汇 ( 一 ) 词形转换: 1.discuss(名词) discussion 2.queen(对应词) king 3.comfortable(名词) comfort 4.safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety ( 二 ) 词的辨析 1. find out / look for / find 2. cost / pay for / spend on 3. other /else 4. raise /rise 5.each /every 6.exciting / excited (三)重点词组: 1.go on a visit to 去……旅行 2. make the decision 做决定 3.bring back 带回 4.go on a field trip 去野外旅行 5.decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定 6 see the sunrise 看日出 7. make a reservation 预订 8. come up with 想出(主意) 9. look forward to (doing) sth 期望 10. pay for 支付;赔偿 11. raise money 筹钱 12. book a ticket 订票 13. make a room for sb 为……订房间 14. have a wonderful time 玩得愉快 15. in the daytime 在白天 16. a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 17.find out 查出 18. some places of interest 名胜 19. rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间 20.a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧 21.my pleasure 不客气 二.重点句型及重点语言点 1. I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。

to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后。

如: I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do. 2. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。 3. We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。

go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 They went to a visit to Egypt last year. 类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期 an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩 4.It's hard to say. 这很难说。To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。

如: It's nice to meet you. 5. I'll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。同义句是: I'll phone and ask the airline. 6. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we'll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。

bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow. decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We're trying to decide on a school. 7.It's too far for cycling. 骑自行车去路太远了。

同义句是:It' too far to cycle there. 8.How long does it take to reach Mount Tai by…?乘……去泰山要花多长时间? 9.How much does it cost to go there ?去那里要花多少钱? How much does a standard room cost ? 一个标准间的价格是多少? 10.We have tickets at 120 yuan for the hard sleeper and 180 yuan for the soft sleeper. 我们的票价是硬卧120元,软卧是180元。 at 意为“以……”,一般用于表示价格,年龄,速度等词的前面,for 意为“供,适合于”。

I've got tickets at 80 yuan for The Sound of Music. 11.I'd like to book 20 tickets for the hard sleeper. 我要预订20张硬卧票。 20 tickets for the hard sleeper= 20 hard sleeper tickets book tickets 预订票 book a room for sb/sth 为……预订房间 e.g. We want to book some rooms for 14th. 我们想预订一些14号的房间。

12.Please pay for the tickets before 5:30 p.m. 请在下午5:30之前付款。 Pay for 支付 pay for sb to do sth 付钱给某人做某事 e.g. Her parents paid for her to go to America.她的父母支付她去美国的费用. 13. I want to make a hotel reservation. 我想预订房间。

make a reservation 预订 14. We have rooms with a bathtub… 我们有带浴缸……的房间。 with 有或带着 a house with a swimming pool a standard room with two single beds 15.It's very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. 在加拿大和美国的学校里筹钱是很正常的。

raise money 筹钱 We can raise the money ourselves. 16.It costs each student one dollar to buy a ticket for the draw.每一个学生花一美元便可买到一张抽奖的票。 (1)each 作主语,谓语用单数 Each of the students spends one dollar buying a ticket.. (2)用于单数名词前,作定语,谓语用单数。

Each student has their own e-mail address. (3)用于复数主语后,作主语同位语,谓语用复数。They each have their own e-mail address. 17. I am looking forward to hearing from you . 我盼望收到你的来信。

Look forward to 盼望,期待 They are looking forward to solving the problem. 三.重点语法 动词不定式 (1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后,want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (2) 不定式的否定形式是在to的前面直接加not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (3) 不定式可以和疑问词who , which ,when, where ,how, what等连用。

Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don't know how to get to the station. (4) 本topic出现的句子有: I have some exciting new。

7.八年级下册英语知识点总结

人教版八年级英语下册知识点罗列 ◆unit 1 Will people have robots? 知识点: 1. 形容词,副词的比较等级考查热点透视: a) 表示A与B在程度上相同时, “as+形容词或副词的原级+as”结构。

表示A不如B时,可用“not as/so+形容词或副词的原级+as”结构。 b) 表示A比B在程度上“更…..”时,可用“形容词或副词的比较级+than”结构 c) 表示三者或三者以上的比较,其中一个在程度上“最…..”时,常用“the+形容词或副词的最高级”结构,后面可带“of/in的短语”来说明比较的范围。

(注意:副词的最高级在句中常省略“the”.) d) 在形容词或副词的比较级前,可以用“a little, even, far, much,still”的等词语来修饰,以加强语气。 e) 表示“越来越….”时,常用“形容词或副词的比较级+and+形容词或副词的比较级”结构,但要注意,对于多音节和部分双音节形容词,副词而言,若要表达此意时,要用“more and more+形容词或副词的原级“结构。

f) 在表示“其中最….之一“的含义时,常使用 “one of+the+形容词最高级形式+名词复数”结构,其中的定冠词the不可以省略。 g) 如果强调“两者中比较…的(一个)”的意思时,可使用“the+形容词比较级+其它”结构。

h) 表示“越….越….”, 可使用“the+形容词或副词的比较级,the+形容词或副词的比较级”结构。 2 .一般将来时 a) 一般将来时的构成:由助动词shall或will加动词原形构成,shall用于第一人称。

在口语中,will在名词或代词后常简略为'll, will not常简略为won't。这个时态的肯定,否定和疑问结构可表示如下: 肯定句 否定句 疑问句 I (We)shall(will) go. You(He, She, They) will go. I(We)shall(will) not go. You(He, She, They)will not go. Shall I(we) go? Will you (he, she, they) go? 用”be going to +动词原形”也可表示将来时,表示将要发生的事,打算或决定要做的事。

b)一般将来时的用法:1)表示将要发生的动作或情况;2) 不以人的意志为转移,肯定要发生的事情。The day after tomorrow will be National Day.后天是国庆日。

3. in/after:in是指以现在时间为起点的“在一段时间以后”。也可以表示“在将来多少时间之内”,句子中的谓语动词要用一般将来时态;after常指以过去时间为起点的“一段时间之后”,所以它与过去时态连用。

当after指某个特定的未来时刻或日期之后,或指以将来某一时间为起点的若干时间之后时,它可以与将来时态连用。 4.more, less, fewer的用法区别:more为many, much的比较级,意为“更多”,可修饰可数与不可数名词。

Less是little的比较级,意为“更好,较少”,修饰不可数名词。Fewer是few的比较级,意为“更少”,修饰可数名词复数。

【注意】few, little表示否定“几乎没有”。a few, a little表示肯定“一点,几个”。

5.would like sth意思为“想要某物“; would like to do意思为”想要做某事“。回答would like句型的一般疑问句时,其肯定回答为 “Yes, please.”;否定回答“No, thanks”或 “I'd like /love to, but….” 6. Such作形容词,意思是“如此的”“这样的”,修饰各种名词。

 Such这样的。如It is such bad weather.天气如此恶劣。

 Such常和as搭配,表示一种类别。如We enjoy such a voice as hers.我们喜欢象她那样的嗓子。

 Such常和表示结果的that从句搭配,表示“如此….以至于…”如 It was such a hot day that we all had to stay at home.  Such…that…和so…that…都可用来引出一个结果状语从句。由于such是形容词,所以that从句前有一个受such修饰的名词;而so 是副词,用以修饰形容词或副词,因此that从句前一般不出现名词。

如 They are such kind-hearted teachers that people in the village all respect them. The exam was so difficult that many students failed to pass it. a) 如果名词是可数名词的单数形式,such和so的位置不同: such+a/an+形容词+单数名词 so+形容词+a/an+单数名词 b) 如果名词是不可数名词或名词复数,只可用such,不能用so.: such+形容词+不可数名词或复数名词 c) 如果被修饰的不可数名词被much, little, 或复数名词被many, few等表示量的形容词修饰时,用so,不用such. d) 当little表示“年纪小的”时,可用such+little+名词。 7.be able to 为“能,会”,表示能力,在这个意义上与can的意思相同,一般情况下两者可以互换,但can只有现在式和过去式(could)而be able to则用于更多的时态,主要体现在be的变化。

两者在用法上有一些差异:can (could)表示主观能力不表示意愿,它的将来时用will be able to而 be able to表示主观意愿强调克服困难做某事。 ◆unit 2 What should I do? 知识点: 1..loud是形容词,loud-louder-loudest意思是“响亮的”;作副词时,常与talk, sing, laugh 等词连用,如speak loud; loudly “大声地”带有喧闹的意味,常用来修饰shout, cry, call, knock等动词,通常没有比较级和最高级,作状语;aloud 副词,出声地,大声地,仅指发出声音(以使能被听得见)。

2.Enough为形容词,意思是“足够的”;enough +n.修饰名词enough money; adj/adv+enough修饰形容词或副词;enough to do 足够做某事 3。.。

8.求外研新标准 八年级下 语法及重难点

Unit6 Fun Cycling Topic1 We're going on a spring field trip 一. 重点词汇 ( 一 ) 词形转换: 1.discuss(名词) discussion 2.queen(对应词) king 3.comfortable(名词) comfort 4.safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety ( 二 ) 词的辨析 1. find out / look for / find 2. cost / pay for / spend on 3. other /else 4. raise /rise 5.each /every 6.exciting / excited (三)重点词组: 1.go on a visit to 去……旅行 2. make the decision 做决定 3.bring back 带回 4.go on a field trip 去野外旅行 5.decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定 6 see the sunrise 看日出 7. make a reservation 预订 8. come up with 想出(主意) 9. look forward to (doing) sth 期望 10. pay for 支付;赔偿 11. raise money 筹钱 12. book a ticket 订票 13. make a room for sb 为……订房间 14. have a wonderful time 玩得愉快 15. in the daytime 在白天 16. a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 17.find out 查出 18. some places of interest 名胜 19. rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间 20.a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧 21.my pleasure 不客气 二.重点句型及重点语言点 1. I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。

to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后。

如: I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do. 2. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。 3. We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。

go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 They went to a visit to Egypt last year. 类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期 an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩 4.It's hard to say. 这很难说。To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。

如: It's nice to meet you. 5. I'll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。同义句是: I'll phone and ask the airline. 6. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we'll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。

bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow. decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We're trying to decide on a school. 7.It's too far for cycling. 骑自行车去路太远了。

同义句是:It' too far to cycle there. 8.How long does it take to reach Mount Tai by…?乘……去泰山要花多长时间? 9.How much does it cost to go there ?去那里要花多少钱? How much does a standard room cost ? 一个标准间的价格是多少? 10.We have tickets at 120 yuan for the hard sleeper and 180 yuan for the soft sleeper. 我们的票价是硬卧120元,软卧是180元。 at 意为“以……”,一般用于表示价格,年龄,速度等词的前面,for 意为“供,适合于”。

I've got tickets at 80 yuan for The Sound of Music. 11.I'd like to book 20 tickets for the hard sleeper. 我要预订20张硬卧票。 20 tickets for the hard sleeper= 20 hard sleeper tickets book tickets 预订票 book a room for sb/sth 为……预订房间 e.g. We want to book some rooms for 14th. 我们想预订一些14号的房间。

12.Please pay for the tickets before 5:30 p.m. 请在下午5:30之前付款。 Pay for 支付 pay for sb to do sth 付钱给某人做某事 e.g. Her parents paid for her to go to America.她的父母支付她去美国的费用. 13. I want to make a hotel reservation. 我想预订房间。

make a reservation 预订 14. We have rooms with a bathtub… 我们有带浴缸……的房间。 with 有或带着 a house with a swimming pool a standard room with two single beds 15.It's very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. 在加拿大和美国的学校里筹钱是很正常的。

raise money 筹钱 We can raise the money ourselves. 16.It costs each student one dollar to buy a ticket for the draw.每一个学生花一美元便可买到一张抽奖的票。 (1)each 作主语,谓语用单数 Each of the students spends one dollar buying a ticket.. (2)用于单数名词前,作定语,谓语用单数。

Each student has their own e-mail address. (3)用于复数主语后,作主语同位语,谓语用复数。They each have their own e-mail address. 17. I am looking forward to hearing from you . 我盼望收到你的来信。

Look forward to 盼望,期待 They are looking forward to solving the problem. 三.重点语法 动词不定式 (1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后,want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始) (2) 不定式的否定形式是在to的前面直接加not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me. (3) 不定式可以和疑问词who , which ,when, where ,how, what等连用。

Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don't know how to get to the station. (4) 本topic出现的句子有: I have some exciting news to tell you. I want to 。

9.八年级下册英语(外研版)Module6、7、8复习提纲

Module 6过去进行时 What were you doing thistime yesterday? What were youdoing during the winterholidays? I was playingfootball between 5 and 7 last Saturday. He wasdoing his homework when someon knocked the door.How is it going?近来怎么样? Isee! 我明白 letme guess… 让我猜猜by the river 在河边by=beside sitin a tree 坐在树上 on the tree(长)在树上smile at sb. 朝。

笑 look at看 fall down 摔倒 / fall off 摔下来by mistake 不小心 get tired / betired 疲倦的have nothing to do没有做什么=don't doanything have no =don't have没有nothing 不定代词(something everything anything somebody等)注意用法 There is nothing in the room. Nothing special happenedyesterday.there is nothing = there isn't anything 没有什么东西She didn't think it was strange 她认为没有什么奇怪的。see sb. do / doing看见某人做/正在做某事 hear sb.do /doingacross the field 穿过田野 (through theforest穿过森林)get out出去 grow up长大 have a picnic野餐 gooff 熄灭 not…until 直到…才… She didn't goto bed until her mother went home .她直到妈妈回家才上床睡觉。

start doing / start to do开始做。

jumpout of bed 跳下床play with a ball玩球 at about 7o'clock last night昨晚大约7点on my way to school 在我去学校的路上 on one's wayhome 在某人回家的路上this time last year 去年的这个时候 from …to…从…到…jump up跳起来 look up 查阅;向上看 walk along thebeach 沿着海岸散步Suddenly a rabbit passed her . 突然,一只兔子从她身边经过。

(动词)= Suddenly arabbit ran by her .(介词)called Alice 叫做爱丽丝 Do you know the girl calledAlice ?think of 基本等于think abou 思考,考虑,认为,想happen to sb.某人发生了什么事 duringthe day 一整天while when 当…的时候 When the teacher came in, wewere talking. While wewere talking, the teacher camein. They were singing while we were dancing.across (介) 与 cross(动) go acrossa river 穿一条河 cross the street 穿过街道Every boy and girl likes ice cream. 每个男孩和女孩都喜欢冰淇淋。(用单数)tired 感到劳累的,疲倦的(人) tiring令人劳累的,疲倦的(物)once or twice 一两次,偶而under 在…下面(垂直方向) below在…下面(不强调垂直) (相对应 在…上面 overabove 还有一个接触的on)Module 7 Time off 词组: 1.enjoy oneself; 2.be famous for…因为…而著名 be famous as…作为…而著名; 3.as if 好像; 4.wake sb. up叫醒某人; 5. hope to do sth.希望做某事; 6.leave sb. alone把某人单独留下; 7.put…away把…收起来; 8.have seven days off休息七天; 9.go back into回到…里面; 10.protect…from…保护…免受…; 11.be popular with受…的欢迎; 12.national park国家公园; 13.the second largest fresh water lake 第二大淡水湖( the +序数词+最高级+单数名词 表示“第几最”); 14.in the north of 在…的北部(east west south north); 15.cross=go across; 16. whole注意位置,直接放在名词前 the whole world all 则放在修饰词的前面, all these people all the class; 17. the rest of+名词 剩余部分,其余的; 18. one of … …之一 做主语时,注意要用第三人称单数 One of the students is from Japan.; 19. wish sb. to do sth. 想要(某人)做某事; 20. on a clear day 在晴朗的一天 21. welcome sb. to someplace 欢迎某人来某地; 句子: I can hardly hear the traffic in the streets and no one is shouting. 我几乎听不到街上的车辆声,也没有人在大声喊叫。

Hardly 副词,“几乎不,几乎没有” no one/ nobody/ everyone/ everybody 都为第三人称单数 语法点:直接引语间接引语(二) *If/whether “是否” 有or时, 只能用whether She asked, “Is this book yours or his?” She asked whether this book was mine or his. *祈使句的间接引语 用“动词+宾语+不定式” 即asked/ told/ ordered/ warned sb. (not ) to do sth. The teacher said to him, “Don't waste your time.” The teacher told him not to waste their time. * 特殊情况: 1. 客观真理,习语等, 变间接引语事时态不变 The teacher said, “The earth goes around the sun.” The teacher said that the earth goes around the sun. 2. 直接引语中被引述的部分是反复出现的,习惯性的动作或说话时情况依然存在的,则变间接引语时时态保持不变, 一般有usually等标志词 The boy said to us, “I usually get up at six every morning.” The boy told us he usually gets up at six every day. 3. 直接引语中有明确表示过去的时间状语, 过去时态不变 He said to me, “I was born in 1978.” He told me he was born in 1978. Module 8 Public holidays 词组:1.public holidays公共假日; 2.on vacation 度假; 3.as soon as 一…就…; 4.make a plan制订计划; 5.in the same way用相同的方式; 6.in different ways用不同的方式; 7.have a good time doing sth.做某事很开心; 8.promise sb. to do sth.向某人承诺做某事; 9.say goodbye to sth.向…道。

八年级下册外研版的所有知识点总结

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