楼上的不晓得了哈如果初中才开始学我保证如果你的小孩不是天才就是吊车尾一般疑问句的IS ARE DO DOES第三人称单数特殊疑问词:WHAT WHO WHERE HOW 等开头的动词的三种时态HOW WHAT引导的感叹句这些就是小学毕业前必须学会的语法1、陈述句肯定陈述句 a) This is a book. (be动词) b) He looks very young. (连系动词) c) I want a sweat like this. (实义动词) d) I can bring some things to school. (情态动词) e) There's a computer on my desk. (There be结构)否定陈述句 a) These aren't their books. b) They don't look nice. c) Kate doesn't go to No. 4 Middle School. d) Kate can't find her doll. e) There isn't a cat here. (=There's no cat here.)2、祈使句肯定祈使句 a) Please go and ask the man. b) Let's learn English! c) Come in、please.否定祈使句a) Don't be late. b) Don't hurry.3、疑问句1) 一般疑问句 a) Is Jim a student? b) Can I help you? c) Does she like salad? d) Do they watch TV? e) Is she reading?2) 选择疑问句 Is the table big or small? 回答 It's big./ It's small.3) 特殊疑问句 ~问年龄 How old is/are sb How old is Lucy? She is twelve. ~问种类 What kind of sth What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies. ~问身体状况 How is sb… How is your uncle? He is well/fine. ~问方式 How do/can you… How does/can he… How do/can you spell it? L-double O-K. How do we contact you? ~问原因 Why do you… Why does she… Why do you want to join the club? ~问时间 具体时间 What time 什么时候 When What's the time? (=What time is it?) It's a quarter to ten a.m.. What time do you usually get up、Rick? At five o'clock. When do you want to go? Let's go at 7:00、~问地方 Where… Where's my backpack? It's under the table. ~问颜色 What color … What color are they? They are light blue. What's your favourite color? It's black. ~问人物 Who… Who's that? It's my sister. Who is the boy in blue? My brother. Who isn't at school? Peter and Emma. Who are Lisa and Tim talking to? ~问东西 What… What's this/that (in English)? It's a pencil case. What else can you see in the picture? ~问姓名 What is/are sb name? What's your aunt's name? Her name is Helen./ She's Helen. What's your first name? My first name's Ben. What's your family name? My family name's Smith. ~问哪一个 Which … Which do you like? I like one in the box. ~问字母 What letter is it? It's big D/small f. ~问价格 How much are these pants? They're 15 dollars. ~问电话号码 What's your phone number? It's 576-8349、~问谓语(动作进行时) What is /are sb doing What is he doing?He's watching TV. ~问职业(身份) What do/does sb do? What do you do? I'm a teacher. What's your father? He's a doctor.what与how引导的感叹句分述如下: 一、以what引导的感叹句,一般有三种形式,此时what为形容词,作定语,用来修饰它后面的名词或词组。

1、what+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!例如: What a good girl she is! 她是个多么好的一个女孩啊! 2、what+形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!例如: What bad weather is it? 多么糟糕的天气啊! 3、what+形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语。例如: What good students they are! 他们是多么好的学生啊! 二、how引导的感叹句也有三种结构形式。

此时how是副词,用来修饰其后的形容词或副词,也可以修饰动词。 1、How+形容词+主语+谓语!例如: How hot it is today! 今天多么热呀! 2、How+副词+主语+谓语! 例如: How fast he runs! 他跑得多么快呀! 3、How+主语+谓语! 例如: How time flies! 光阴似箭! 一、问候语 1、Hello! / Hi! 你好! 2、Good morning / afternoon / evening! 早晨(下午/晚上)好! 3、I'm Kathy King. 我是凯西·金。

4、Are you Peter Smith? 你是彼得·史密斯吗? 5、Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. 是,我是。/ 不,我不是。

6、How are you? 你好吗? 7、Fine, thanks. And you? 很好,谢谢,你呢? 8、I'm fine, too. 我也很好。 9、How is Amy / your wife / your husband? 爱米好吗?/你妻子好吗?/你丈夫好吗? 10、She is very well, thank you. 她很好,谢谢。

11、Good night, Jane. 晚安,简。 12、Good-bye, Mike. 再见,迈克。

13、See you tomorrow. 明天见。 14、See you later. 待会儿见。

15、I have to go now. 我必须走了.二、课堂用语 16、May I come in? 我能进来吗? 17、Come in, please. 请进。 18、Sit down, please. 请坐。

19、It's time for class. 上课时间到了。 20、Open your books and turn to page 20、打开书,翻到第20页。

21、I'll call the roll before class. 课前我要点名。 22、Here! 到! 23、Has everybody got a sheet? 每个人都拿到材料了吗? 24、Any different opinion? 有不同意见吗? 25、Are you with me? 你们跟上我讲的。


短语、词组归纳] 由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。

复习时应分类处理: 一、动词+介词 1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料… 2.listen to…听…… 3.welcome to…欢迎到…… 4.say hello to …向……问好 5.speak to…对……说话 此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。 二、动词+副词 “动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类: A.动词(vt.)+副词 1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下 此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。

B.动词(vi)+副词。 1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家 4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立 此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。

三、其它类动词词组 1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games [介词短语聚焦] “介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。

1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。 2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。

3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。 4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。

5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。 6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。

7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。 8.at + 时刻表示钟点。

9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。 10.of短语表示所属关系。

11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。 12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。

另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one's bike等。

[重点句型大回放] 1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don't think…, 2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。

4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。 5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don't let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let's 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内, 6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换. 7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。

about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。 8.It's time to do…/ It's time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。

9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作, 10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式, 11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。 12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。

[重点短语快速复习] 1.kinds of 各种各样的 2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是…… 3. neither…nor…既不……也不…… 4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶 5. take a seat 就坐 6. home cooking 家常做法 7. be famous for 因……而著名 8. on ones way to在……途中 9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院 10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾 11. wait for 等待 12. in time 及时 13. make one's way to…往……(艰难地)走去 14. just then 正在那时 15. first of all 首先,第一 16. go wrong 走错路 17. be/get lost 迷路 18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗 19. get on 上车 20. get off 下车 21. stand in line 站队 22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室 23. at the head of……在……的前头 24. laugh at 嘲笑 25. throw about 乱丢,抛散 26. in fact 实际上 27. at midnight 在半夜 28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快 29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架 30. take one's temperature 给某人体温 31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛 32. have a headache 头痛 33. as soon as… 一……就…… 34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事 35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事 36. fall asleep 入睡 37. again and again再三地,反复地 38. wake up 醒来,叫醒 39. instead of 代替 40. look 。


英语的比较级 口诀:一者比较用原级,比较级限二者比,三者三者往上比,最高级的用法起;若甲乙程度相同,as…as 结构体;若甲某方面不及乙, not so/as…as来担起;中间形、副连接要切记! 例:1、--our English is very good. ——But my brother learns it much______than I do.('97 山东) A. good B.well C. better D. best 【析】在英语中,a little,a lot,much,even等词可以用来修饰形容词或 副词的比较级,故本题的正确答 案是C项。

2.Don't worry. Your granny will get_______ ('98昆明) A.well and well B.better and better C.well and better D.good and well 【析】表示"越来越……" 可以采用" 比较级 +比较级"或"more and more+原级"的结构,如果是 单音节的形容词或副词, 则用前一结构;如果是 多音节词,则可以用后一种结构,故本题的正确答案是B。 3.China is one of________ in the world.('98山西) A.the oldest country B.the oldest countries C.much older country D.much older countries 【析】在英语中, 要表示 "其中最……的之一",应使用"one of+形 容词的最高级形式+名词的复数 形式 "。

根据题意,本题应选B项。 4.The girl doesn't run________ the boy.('98广州) A. much faster as B. as faster as C. more fast than D. so fast as 【析】在英语中,可以使用"as…as"表示"两者在某方面一样";用"not so/as……as"表示"两者在某方面不一样",以上两种结构都必须使用形容 词或副词的原级。

由以上分析可知本题的D 项最符合题意。 5.LiLei writes ______ of all the students in our class. A. more carefully B. the most careful C. more careful D. most carefully 【析】在这道题中,有的学生选B, 只想到了用最高级形式,而忽略了write是实义动词应用副词,也有的学生认为D 的前边应该加the ,这就属于对知识的掌握不够熟练或忘了副词的最高级前边的the 可加可省,所以做题一定要考虑周全,避免会的题失分。

答案为D. 顺义区杨镇二中 王翠芹 更多信息请访问:新浪中考频道 点击查看新浪网教育频道与《现代教育报•中考导刊》共建专栏 一、考纲搜索: 熟练掌握形容词、副词比较等级的构成和good, well, many, much 等不规则变化。 熟练运用所学句型表示两者和三者或三者以上人或事物的比较 初步掌握用much, a little等副词修饰比较等级的用法 二、真题再现 1. -Which is ____ season in Beijing?(2003年) -I think it's autumn. A.good B.better C.best D.the best 解析:正确答案为D。


又因为形容词最高级前要加定冠词the,因此答案为D。 2. - Which is__________ , the sun, the moon or the earth?(2004年) -- Of course, the moon is. A.small B.smaller C.smallest D.the smallest 解析:正确答案为D。

该题的核心词在第一句句尾,"the sun, the moon or the earth",提问的对象为三者,应该选择最高级。 3. The air in Beijing is getting much _____ now than a few years ago.(2005年) A. clean B. cleaner C. cleanest D. the cleanest 解析:正确答案为B。

该题的核心词为than,than一词是比较级的标志。 4. Mobile phones are very popular now and they are _____ than before.(2005年) A. cheap B. cheaper C. cheapest D. the cheapest 解析:正确答案为B。

该题与第三题相似,核心词为than。 三、命题揭密 2006年中考对形容词与副词比较级、最高级的考查依然是重点内容。

同学们除了要熟练掌握比较级与最高级最基本的形式之外,其特殊用法更是出题的热点,要重点掌握。 四、重点提示 除了最基本的形式之外,形容词的原级,比较级与最高级还以其它一些特别形式存在,这往往就是容易设题的地方,同学们一定要重点掌握: 1)原级有相同也有倍数 1>当比较的对象A与 B情况对比相同时,要使用以下结构: 主语+谓语(系动词)+as+形容词/ 副词原形+as+从句。

I study English as hard as my brother. 我同我兄弟一样学习努力。 2>原级结构中可插入表达倍数的词,表示为"为….若干倍",当与有表示倍 数比较的词在一起时候等,他们的位置是,倍数词+as…as…,或倍数词+more… than…即: This river is twice as long as that one. 这条河的长度是那条河的两倍。

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills people each year seven times more than automobile accidents. 吸烟对人体健康危害如此之大以致于由它所导致的人口死亡是其他事故的7倍之多。 2) 常见比较级五句型 1> Who / Which + be +比较级 , A or B ? Who is taller, Tom or John? Which is more expensive, a bicycle or a computer? 2> ~ + be + the 比较级 + of the two. (两个之中比较…的那一个,~包含在两个之中) Tom is the taller of the two. = Tom is taller than the other boy. 3> much / a lot / even / far + 比较级 A compute is much more expensive than a bicycle. 计算机比自行车贵多了。

4> "The+形容词比较级。, the+形容词比较级。

", 表示 " 越。 就越。

"。 The more you study,。


七年级下册英语语法要点: 下册知识点总结 重点短语 1.live in ;2.pay phone;3.take a walk ;4.across from ;5.next to ;6.the beginning of ;7.play the guitar ;8.have fun ;9.take a taxi;10.go down;11.kinds of ;12.thanks for;13.do some homework;14.take photos;15.talk on the phone;16.want to ;17.at night;18.get out;19.work for;20.good-looking;21.go shopping;22.a bowl of ;23.study for;24.stay at ;25.summer camp;26.soap opera;27.ask about 重要句型 1. Where's … from? / It is from…; 2. like doing sth;3. Where is …? / It's on….; 4. Is there ……? / Yes, there is …../ No, there is not….;5. Why do you like…..? / Because ….; 6. Do you like …..? / Yes, I like it; no, I don't like it.; 7. …. Want to be a/an …; 8. What dose he do? /he is a/an…; 9. What does he look like? / He has …; 10. What kind of …do you like? / I'd like some …; 11. What did you do on weekend? /I played sports; 12. It's tome to do sth; 13. Where did you go on …..? / I went to …; 14. Did you go to …? /yes, I went to ..; no, I didn't go to …; 15. enjoy doing sth ;16. find sb doing sth;17. help sb do sth;18. What do you think of … 交际用语 1. Excuse me; 2. You're welcome; 3. I hope you have a great trip; 4. Can I help you?; 5. What can I do for you?; 6. 简单的自我介绍 重要语法 1. 地点介词的用法;2. 书信格式;3. 现在进行时;4. 一般过去时;5. 宾语从句;6. 省略句;7. 情态动词Can的用法 七年级英语(下)Unit1-Unit6知识点 Phrases 1. be from 2. pen pal 3. live in 4. a very interesting country 5. years old 6. the United Kingdom 7. speak English 8. go to the movies 9. write to sb. 10. tell sb. about sth. 11. post office 12. pay phone 13. across from 14. excuse me 15. take/have a walk 16. have fun 17. take a taxi 18. near here = in the neighborhood 19. on Center Street 20. next to… 21. between…and… 22. go straight 23. in front of 24. on the left/ right 25. turn left/right 26. a small house with an interesting garden 27. the beginning of… 28. play games 29. the way to… 30. go down… 31. have a good trip 32. be hungry 33. enjoy doing sth. 34. let sb. do sth. 35. go through 36. kind of 37. want to do sth. 38. South Africa 39. play with 40. be quiet 41. during the day 42. what other animals 43. work with 44. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb 45. in the day / at night 46. get sth. from sb. 47. wear a white uniform 48. go out to dinners 49. like doing sth/ to do sth 50. talk to/with sb. 51. have a job for sb. 52. in a hospital 53. work hard 53. write stories 54.work for a magazine 55. an international school for children of 5-12 56. watch TV 57. TV show 58. read a book 59. wait for 60. at the pool 61. eat dinner 62. a photo of my family 63. take photos 64. play computer games 65. How's it going? 66. on vacation 67. have a good time 68. lie on the beach 69. this group of people 70. look cool 71. in this heat Drills 1.-Where is your pen pal from? -She's from Japan. 2.-Where does he live? -He lives in Paris. 3.-What language does she speak? -She speaks English. 4. Please write and tell me about yourself. 5.-Is there a bank near here? -Yes, there is. It's on Center Street. 6. The pay phone is across from the library. 7. Just go straight and turn left. 8. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden. 9. This is the beginning of the garden tour. 10. Let me tell you the way to my house. 11.I hope you have a good trip. 12. -Why do you want to see the lions? -Because they are cute. 13. Why does he like koalas? 14. Where are lions from? 15. Lions are from Africa. 16. What animals do you like? 17. What other animals do you like? 18. What do you do? I'm a reporter. 19. What does he/she do? He/She is a doctor. 20. What do you want to be? I want to be an actor. 21. Where do you work? I work in a restaurant 22. I work with people and money. 23. Thieves don't like me. 24.-What's he doing? -He's reading. 25.-What are you doing? -I'm watching TV. 26、-Do you want to go to the movies? -That sounds good. This TV show is boring. 27.-Is Nancy doing homework? -No, she isn't. She's writing a,letter. 28.-When do you want to go? -Let's go at six o'clock. 29. What's he waiting for? 30. In the first photo, I'm playing basketball at school. 31. Here's a photo of my family. 32.-How's the weather? -It's raining. 33.-What's she doing? -She's cooking. 34. How's it going? 35. Thank you for joining CCTV's Around The World show. 36. What do you do when it's raining? I read a book. 1、一般现在时。


特别是要注意行为动词的一般现在时,当主语是第三人称单数时,动词的变化。 2、情态动词can的用法。

3、there be 句型及have/has got 的用法及二者的区别。 4、提建议。



I. 重点短语

1. a bottle of

2. a little

3. a lot (of)

4. all day

5. be from

6. be over

7. come back

8. come from

9. do one's homework

10. do the shopping

11. get down

12. get home

13. get to

14. get up

15. go shopping

16. have a drink of

17. have a look 18. have breakfast

19. have lunch

20. have supper

21. listen to

22. not…at all

23. put…away

24. take off

25. throw it like that

26. would like

27. in the middle of the day

28. in the morning / afternoon/ evening

29. on a farm

30. in a factory

II. 重要句型

1. Let sb. do sth.

2. Could sb. do sth.?

3. would like sth.

4. would like to do sth.

5. What about something to eat?

6. How do you spell …?

7. May I borrow…?

III. 交际用语

1. —Thanks very much!

—You're welcome.

2. Put it/them away.

3. What's wrong?

4. I think so.

I don't think so.

5. I want to take some books to the classroom.

6. Give me a bottle of orange juice, please.

Please give it / them back tomorrow. OK.

9. What's your favourite sport?

10. Don't worry.

11.I'm (not) good at basketball.

12. Do you want a go?

13. That's right./ That's all right./ All right.

14. Do you have a dictionary / any dictionaries?

Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 差不多了吧!累死我了!



Our summer holidays last three months。

(During)the last week of the holidays we get ready (to)schol。 We buy penils,pens paper new books and copybooks (on)the first day of school, we see all our old friends again and we tell them (about)the holidays 。

(After)that,we go (to)class。 It is so hard to keep quiet and pay attention (to)our teacher。

He always says ( with)a laugh "you forget more (than)three months (for )you learn in a year! 我们的暑假延续了三个月。 在假期的最后一个星期里,我们准备上学了。






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