初二外研版英语段考常考知识点总结

1.初二英语知识点(外研版)

短语、词组归纳] 由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。

复习时应分类处理:一、动词+介词1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料…2.listen to…听……3.welcome to…欢迎到……4.say hello to …向……问好5.speak to…对……说话此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。二、动词+副词“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:A.动词(vt.)+副词1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。

B.动词(vi)+副词。1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家 4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。

三、其它类动词词组1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games[介词短语聚焦]“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。

1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。

3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。

5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。 6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。

7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。8.at + 时刻表示钟点。

9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。10.of短语表示所属关系。

11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。 12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。

另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one's bike等。

[重点句型大回放]1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don't think…,2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。

4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don't let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let's 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换.7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。

about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。8.It's time to do…/ It's time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。

9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。 12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。

[重点短语快速复习]1.kinds of 各种各样的 2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是…… 3. neither…nor…既不……也不……4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶5. take a seat 就坐6. home cooking 家常做法7. be famous for 因……而著名8. on ones way to在……途中9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾11. wait for 等待12. in time 及时13. make one's way to…往……(艰难地)走去14. just then 正在那时15. first of all 首先,第一16. go wrong 走错路17. be/get lost 迷路18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗19. get on 上车20. get off 下车21. stand in line 站队22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室23. at the head of……在……的前头24. laugh at 嘲笑25. throw about 乱丢,抛散26. in fact 实际上27. at midnight 在半夜28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架30. take one's temperature 给某人体温31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛32. have a headache 头痛33. as soon as… 一……就……34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事36. fall asleep 入睡37. again and again再三地,反复地38. wake up 醒来,叫醒39. instead of 代替40. look over 检查41. take exercise运动42. had better(。

2.请提供我初二外研版上学期英语的复习资料,像重点短语,句型,语法

新目标英语八年级上笔记 Review of Unit 1-6 I. language goals (语言目标)1. Talk about how often you do things 谈论做事情的频率。

2. Talk about your health. Make suggestions. 谈论健康话题以及提出建议。3. Talk about future plans. 谈论未来的计划/打算。

4. Talk about how to get to places. 谈论到达某地的方式。5. Learn to make invitations, say yes to invitations and say no to invitations and give reasons. 学会发出,接受和拒绝邀请并说出原因。

6. Learn to talk about personal traits and how to compare people. 学会谈论个人品质以及如何比较人们。II. Key Phrases (重点短语):1. how often 多长时间一次 2. junk food 垃圾食品3. a lot of 许多 4. hardly ever 很少5. start with 以…开始 6. try to do sth. 试着去做某事7. look after 照料 8. be kind of unhealthy 有点不健康9. once a day 一天一次 10. twice a month 一个月两次11. be good for 对…有好处 12. once in a while 偶尔13. see a doctor / dentist 看病/看牙医14. get a cold / fever 感冒/发烧15. have a stomachache 肚子疼16. have a toothache 牙疼 17. have a sore throat 嗓子疼18. lie down and rest 躺下休息19. drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶20. be stressed out 紧张21. listen to … 听…22. get tired 变的疲劳 23. keep healthy 保持健康24. at the moment 此刻;目前 25. watch TV 看电视26. play basketball 打篮球 27. babysit her sister 照看她的妹妹28. visit my friend 拜访我的朋友29. relax at home 在家放松30. sports camp 运动野营 31. something interesting32. go hiking / camping / fishing / shopping / sightseeing 去徒步旅行/野营/钓鱼/购物/观光33. go away 离开 34. get back to school 返回学校35. stay for a week 呆一个星期 36. go bike riding 骑自行车兜风37. takes walks 散步 38. rent videos 租录像带39. sleep a lot 睡得多 40. think about 考虑41. take the subway / bus / boat / plane 乘地铁/公共车/小船/飞机42. get to 到达43. go by bus / plane / boat 乘公共车/飞机/小船44. train / subway / bus station 火车/地铁/公共车站45. bus ride 乘公共车的旅行 46. ride a bike 骑自行车47. bus stop 公共汽车站 48. on foot 步行49. leave for 离开去… 50. school bus 学校班车51. the early bus 早班车 52. be different from 与…不同53. half past six 六点半 54. in North America 在北美洲55. a quick breakfast 快捷的早餐 56. need to do 需要做…57. more than 多于 58. play soccer 踢足球59. baseball game 棒球比赛 60. school team 校队61. come over to 过来到… 62. the day after tomorrow 后天63. be good at 擅长于… 64. two years ago 两年前65. be outgoing 外向的 66. all the time 一直67. in some ways 在一些方面 68. look the same 看起来一样69. talk to everyone 与大家谈话 70. make me laugh 使我笑 III. Key Sentence Structures 重要句型: Unit 1: 1. -What do you usually do on weekends? -I usually go to the movies. 2. -What does he sometimes do on weekends? -He sometimes surfs the Internet. 3. How often do you exercise? I exercise once a week. 4. How often does she eat vegetables? She eats vegetables three times a day. 5. Most of the students go to the beach every year. 6. It makes a big difference to my grades. 7. My eating habits are pretty good. Unit 2: 1. What's the matter? What's wrong? What's the trouble? 2. I'm not feeling well. I have a cold / fever/ stomachache / sore throat. /I have a lot of headaches. 3. Maybe you should see the doctor / dentist. You should drink some hot tea with honey. 4. You shouldn't eat anything for 24 hours. 5. Don't get stressed out. It will make you sick. 6. I'm sorry to hear that you are not feeling well. Unit 3 1. -What is she doing for vacation? -She is babysitting her little sister. -That sounds nice / interesting. 2. -When are you going? -I'm going on Monday. 3. -Where are they going? -They are going to Tibet. 4. -Who is she going with? -She is going with her parents. 5. -How long is he staying. -He is staying for a week. 6. -How is the weather there? -I'm hoping the weather will be nice. 7. He is leaving for Hong Kong the first week in June. 8. Have a good time. Unit 4: 1. -How do you get to school? -I get to school by bus. 2. -How does he go to work? -He usually walks to school. 3. -How long does it take? -It takes about twenty minutes. 4. -How far is it from his home to school? -It's three miles. 5. What do you think of the transportation in your town? Unit 5: 1. -Can you come to my party on Wednesday? -Sure, I'd love to. / I'm sorry, I have to have a piano lesson. 2. -Can she go to the movies on Saturday? -No, she can't. She has to help her mom. 3. -Can you go to the concert on Monday? -When is it? -It's at four o'clock on Friday. 4. Thanks a lot for the invitation. 5. I'm going to study for a test this evening. 6. What's the date today? Unit 6 1. Pedro is funnier than Paul. 2. Tina is (a little)。

3.初二上册外研版英语所有语法(短语+句型)还有一些介词什么的

so+谓语+主语:…也一样. 谓语:be动词/助动词/情态动词 2. so+主语+谓语:的确如此,真的这样. 3. help yourself/yurselves to。

请随便吃点。 4. 发现sb做sth : find sb doing sth 5. 不完全同意I don't really agree. 完全不同意I really don't agree. 6. 或者..或者。

either…or…..就近原则 既不..也不..neither…nor….就近原则 既。.又。

both…and….谓语用复数 7. 看起来,似乎It seems/seemed that….. 8. 由于。而闻名be famous for…. 9. 餐馆就餐用语:a table for two/sit at the table by the window/here's the menu/May I take your order?/could we have the bill?/That's all. 10. 问路Which is the way to…/where is…/How can I get to…/Is there a..near here/Can you tell me the way to…/Can you tell me how I can get to…? 11. turn right at the third crossing/traffic lights在第3个路口往右拐=take the third crossing on your right 12. 过桥go across the bridge=cross the bridge 13. 走到路的尽头go up this road to the end=go on until you reach the end. 14. at the street corner在街角 15. on sb's way to….在sb去…的途中/路上 16. what's the matter?=what's wrong?=what's the trouble?怎么了? 17. be sick in hospital/in bed 生病住院/卧床 18. Maybe it is there=it may be there可能在那里. 19. It takes/took/will take sb+时间+to do sth. Sb做sth花费了…时间 20. 路途遥远It's (5 kms)far(away) from…=That's quite a long way. 21. wait for…等待 22. 五分钟的步行/驾驶路程:five minutes' walk/drive 23. 迷路lose sb's way/sb be lost/sb get lost 24. just then=just at that time/moment就在那时 25. 首先first of all=at first 26. a big city like Tokyo像东京这样的大城市 27. It's easy/interesting/important/ (for sb) to do sth.(对sb来说)做sth是容易的/有趣的/重要的. 28. if 条件状语从句:从句一般现在时,主句一般将来时。

如:If it rains tomorrow, I will not go to the zoo. 29. at the head /end of…在…的前/尾部 30. 我的背很疼. My back hurts badly. 31. 为…做准备get /be ready for… 32. stop sb (from) doing sth.阻止/不让sb做sth 33. have a good/wonderful time=enjoy oneself 玩得很高兴 34. answer in a tired voice/with a smile 用疲惫的的声音/面带微笑回答。 35. quarrel with sb on sth 为了sth与sb 吵架 36. complain about sth 为…而抱怨,投诉 37. 生病用语:sb have a headache=sb have a pain in the head 头痛,have a cough 咳嗽,have/catch a cold 感冒,have cancer 得了癌症。

38. have /take the medicine three times a day 吃药,每天3次 39. take sb's temperature 量体温,look over 医生检查病人 40. drink more water 多喝水,take more exercise 多锻炼 41. sb醒来: sb wake up, //sb 醒着的:sb be awake 42. sb 睡着了入睡 be/fall asleep 43. 忙着…bu busy doing/with sth 44. as soon as… 一… 就 。 45. sleeping pills安眠药,light music 轻音乐 46. again and again 再三地,一次又一次 47. dream about…梦见…; dream of… 梦想成为… 48. 系动词+形容词: be/smell/taste/sound/look/feel/turn/get/become 49. make trouble制造麻烦,惹是生非,make a noise 制造噪音 50. every five minutes 每隔5分钟 51. instead/instead of…代替,取而代之,反而 52. write to sb. 写信给sb 53. get enough sleep 睡眠充足;stay happy 保持心情开朗 54. on time 准时;in time 按时 55. sb had better (not) do sth, sb 最好(别)做sth 56. land on …登陆 57. pull…out of..=pull…up from…拉上来 58. 不定代词:something/anyone/nobody/everywhere(不定代词老大,接形容词时不定代词要写在形容词前面)等 59. we're all by ourselves=we're alone.单独,独自 60. feel a little afraid/don't be afraid. 有点害怕/别害怕 61. perhaps=maybe也许,可能 62. not …until… 直到…才… 63. sooner or later 迟早,早晚 64. ran after追//ran to …向..跑去// ran away 逃跑了 65. eat up 吃光// use up 用完 66. take (good) care of ..=look after…照顾,保管 67. 我自学英语learn English by myself= teach myself English 68. learn to do sth 学会… 69. 记日记 keep a diary,写日记 write a diary 70. leave sb by oneself 单独留下sb 71. join in the League/Party 入团/党 72. 越来越…:比较级+and+比较级; more and more +多音节词。

如:bigger and bigger , more and more interesting 73. 越…, 就越…: the +比较级,the +比较级。 如:越大越好:the bigger, the better 74. turn on/off 开/关(电器),turn up/down音量开大/小 75. the whole story=all the story整个故事,整件事情 76. 过了一会儿after a while/moment 77. make faces 做鬼脸 78. 名胜,景点interesting places=places of interest 79. my hometown in Zhejiang 我浙江的老家 80. 暑假summer holidays; 五一假期 May 1st holiday 81. a strong wind大风;in the wind 在风里 82. make sb do sth. 使/逼迫sb做sth 83. 倒装句(为了强调)There he is./ Away he went. 84. with these words. 说完这些话,说着说着(伴随状语)。

85. I don't know how to use it yet. 我不知道怎样使用它。 where to go. 我。

4.初二上英语复习提纲(外研)

八年级下册新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(二)2009-05-25 09:02常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结

使用-ing分词的几种情况

1.在进行时态中。如: 1.He is watching TV in the room.

2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.

3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term.

They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball?

What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? I am interested in playing football.

5.在以下结构中

1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;

2. finish doing sth;完成做某事;

3. feel like doing sth 想要做某事;

4. stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)

5. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事;

6. go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);

7. remember doing sth 记得做过某事;

8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事;

9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做

10. try doing sth 试图做某事;

11. need doing sth 需要做某事;

12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事;

13. mind doing sth 介意做某事;

14. miss doing sth 错过做某事;

15. practice doing sth 练习做某事;

16. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事;

17. can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事;

18. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…;

19. keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…

20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事

21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B

22. “do some +doing”短语

如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking

23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)

如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎)

.注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配:

I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost

Keep…closed/ a boy called/named Tom

5.初二上英语复习提纲(外研)

八年级下册新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(二)2009-05-25 09:02常见动名词、分词的习惯用法总结使用-ing分词的几种情况 1.在进行时态中。

如: 1.He is watching TV in the room. 2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night. 2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river. 3.在have fun/problems结构中。

如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain. 4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball? What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? I am interested in playing football. 5.在以下结构中1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;2. finish doing sth;完成做某事;3. feel like doing sth 想要做某事;4. stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)5. forget doing sth 忘记做过某事;6. go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);7. remember doing sth 记得做过某事;8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事;9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做10. try doing sth 试图做某事;11. need doing sth 需要做某事;12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事;13. mind doing sth 介意做某事;14. miss doing sth 错过做某事;15. practice doing sth 练习做某事;16. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事;17. can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事;18. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…; 19. keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B22. “do some +doing”短语如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎).注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配: I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost Keep…closed/ a boy called/named Tom。

6.初二上的英语知识点总结,就要一单元的,谢谢

这篇是由精品学习网小编特整理的初二英语上册第一单元知识点总结,适合同学们学习,也适合教师教学使用,供大家参考!1、如有always ,often, usually, sometimes, seldom, never, once a。

.,every。用一般现在时,第一、二人称复数后跟动词原形,第三人称单数后跟动词加's'/'es'。

2、如有now ,look! ,listen, at the moment 。.用现在进行时,结构是be (am, is, are) +v-ing3、如有tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, from now on, in +一段时间, some day, next。

.用一般将来时,结构:will + v原 \ be going to +v原(没有动词用be )4、如有yesterday, 。

ago , last。.just now。

..用一般过去时动词加edgive sb. Sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物 every day每天,write down 写下,记下write it (them) down everyday每天的,日常的,how about doing sth.=what about doing sth.做。.怎么样 each other 互相.thanks a lot= thank you very much非常谢谢回答That's all right. =You're welcome.= That'OK.= It's my pleasure.=Not at all.Why don't you+V原。

=why not+。V原 为什么不help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助别人 help sb. (to )do sth.帮助某人做某事with one's help=with the help of sb.在某人的帮助help oneself to sth.请自用食物watch sb. do sth. 看到某人做了某事,(现在没有做,做过)watch sb. doing sth.看到某人正在做某事(正在做)see, hear类似remember to do sth.想起记得要做某事,未做事 remember doing sth.相起记得做过某事forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事welcome back欢迎回来 , new term新学期this term这学期 , next term 下学学期,last term上学期, give you some advice给你一些建议why not 为什么不, make a mistake=make mistakes犯错误correct spelling正确的拼写, what else?=what other things? 还有什么a piece of advice 一条建议, follow /take one's advice采用别人的建议,send sth to sb.=send sb. sth. 寄给某人 send for派人去请/取send up发射. all the time一直enjoy oneself=have a good time=have a great time=have fun, 玩得愉快lots of =a lot of =many(可数)\much(不可数)许多 , ,spend : sb. spend some time on sth.某人花费时间做某事sb. spend some time (in) doing sth. 某人花费时间做某事Sb. spend some money on sth. 某人花费钱买某物Sb. spend some money (in) buying sth.某人花费钱买某物Cost: sth. cost sb. some money 某物花去某人钱pay: sb. pay some money for sth. 某人支付钱Take: It takes (took) sb.some time to do sth.做某事花去某人时间ask for 请求,要求, ask sb. for sth.向某人要某物ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 a piece of一块enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事.finish,practise, mind, miss ,consider,keep, continue,这些词语后跟动名词形式V-ingplace sth.in =put sth. in 把某物放在…里面else常修饰不定代词,关系代词或副词,也可修饰all, much,little等,else要位于其后。

所有格为else's.take a deep breath深呼吸, catch\hold one's breath屏住呼吸,out of breath上气不接下气, wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事,the number of …的数目,后跟名词复数,动词用三单, a number of =many,大量,许多后跟名词复数,动词用复数形式。a large number of, a small number of ,invite sb.to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 find+ it+ adj+to do sth.发现做某事怎么样try to do sth.尽力做事 try doing sth. 尝试做某事try not to do sth .尽力不做某事 try one's best尽某人最大的努力,a group of 一组,一群, borrow sth from sb.从某人处借入某物,lend sth.to sb=lend sb.sth.借给某人某物 keep借一段时间practice doing sth.,练习做做某事 come from=be from来自,look for 寻找, look after=care for=take care of照顾look up 向上看,查阅, look like看起来像,look at 看着, look on sb. as把某人看作,look forward to doing sth. 盼望,期待做某事 look over检查,翻阅 ,look out当心,向外看 , look through仔细查看,be ready for =get ready for=prepare for为…, be ready准备好 ,be (get ) ready to do sth.准备做某事,乐意做某事translate…into… 将…译成…,take a message捎个信, leave a message留个信,be good for 对…有好处, be good at =do well in擅长于…be poor at =be bad at =do badly in=be weak in不擅长… Think of想起,think about想出, think over仔细考虑,else修饰不定代词something,everything,anything,nothing,somebody,anybody,nobody和who, what,when,where时放后,四说,1,speak说语言,2.say说内容,3,talk与谁说,4,tell告诉,讲述,四看,1,watch观看电视,比赛和表演,2,see看人,电影,医生,风景,3,read看书,报,4,look就看。

看场电影要用see,读书看报用read 电视、戏剧、比赛,凡是表演用watch,observe细观察,一时注意用notice.make+宾语+补足语(形容词)使某人某物怎么样。.make+宾语+do 让某人做某事make+宾语+过去分词 使某人被怎么样;make friends with sb.与某人交朋友,hear of听说, hear from收到某人的来信,be bad for对…有害, it is +adj.+of sb +to 。

7.外研版初二下英语语法总结(非外研版免进)

语法专题 Module 1 简单句:由一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)构成。

一. 五种基本句型: 1.主语+系动词+表语 (S+V+P)He is happy. 2.主语+不及物动词+(状语) ( S+V ) He is swimming. 3.主语+及物动词+宾语+(状语) ( S+V+O ) I saw him just now. 4.主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 ( S+V+IO+DO ) She lent me a bike, 主语+及物动词+直接宾语+间接宾语 ( S+V+DO+IO ) She lent a bike to me. 5.主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 ( S+V+O+OC) The good news made us happy. 二. 练习:写出下列句子的基本成分。 1、He likes music very much. 2、The soup tastes salty. 3、She works very hard. 4、My teacher asked me to come a little earlier next time. 5、My father bought me a computer. Module 2 宾语从句:以一个句子作为宾语的复合句。

一. 宾语从句的时态: 主句从句 一般现在时要根据具体情况选择所需要的时态 一般过去时相应的过去时态 一般过去时客观真理或自然现象时,从句用一般现在时态 e.g. He says that he is going to the cinema. He said that he couldn't finish the work on time. The teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun. 二. 宾语从句的语序:陈述句的语序。 三. 宾语从句的引导词: 陈述句that (在口语中可省去) 一般疑问句if / whether 特殊疑问句疑问词 (what, when, where, who, why, which, how) e.g. He says. He likes painting.---- He says (that) he likes painting. Is he American? He asked ---- He asked if / whether he was American. Where is the cinema? I don't know ---- I don't know where the cinema is. 四. 练习:把下列句子改为宾语从句。

1.The story is very interesting. (he said) 2.What did you say? ( I didn't hear) 3.Where does he come from. (I want to know) 4.Is your father a doctor? (my teacher asked) 5.Has she seen the film? (I don't know) 6.How can I get to the hospital. (Can you tell me) 7.He is playing computer games. (he says) 8.They will have a meeting tomorrow. (I know) Module 3 动词不定式(to do)和动名词(v-ing) 有些动词后面需加to do或-ing来把意思补充完整。接to do的单词多为 “打算”、“计划”、“希望”之类的动词,而这些动词都表示未来。

接-ing形式的动词要么表示是正在进行,要么表示一般性或经常性行为。有的动词既可以接to do,也可以接-ving。

一. 接to do的动词有:want, would like, agree, refuse, decide, learn, need, offer, afford, wish, hope, ask等。 二. 接-ing的动词有:feel like, keep, enjoy, finish, practice等。

三. 既可以接to do,也可以接-ving的动词有:hate, like, love, begin, start(意思一样),remember, forget, continue, stop, try, go on(意思不一样)等。 四. 练习:用所给词的适当形式填空。

1.Would you like _____________ (have) a cup of tea? 2.I'm very tired, let's stop _____________ (have) a rest. 3.I asked why he smiled, but he couldn't remember _________________ (smile) at me. 4.He wants _____________ (buy) a new bike. 5.You must keep _______________ (practice) ______________ (speak) English every day. 6.Have you finished _____________ (read) the book? 7.I decide ______________ (visit) the Great Wall this holiday. 8.My sister enjoys _______________ (listen) to music. 9.He learnt ______________ (swim) all by himself. 10.My father agreed ____________ (buy) me a computer. 11.I forgot _____________ (close) the door yesterday. 12.I hate ______________ (lose). 13.The teacher is coming, we stop _____________. (talk) 14.We tried ______________ (finish) the work on time. 15.Sally refused ______________ (play) during the final practice. 16.He offers ____________ (help) me with the work. 17.She can't afford ______________ (buy) a dictionary. 18.I hope _____________ (go) abroad. 19.Da Wei asked ____________ (play) the computer game on my father's computer. 20.He started _______________ (make) his own radio programmer at the age of fifteen. Module 4-5 一.由if引导的条件状语从句 (如果。) 1.句子结构 主句 + if从句. If从句, 主句. 2.时态变化 主句从句 一般将来时 will won't一般现在时 v. don't + v. v.-s doesn't + v. 启使句 v. Don't + v. e.g.: If you (want) to say something, (hand) up, please. = If Lily (receive) the gift, she (be) very happy. = If she (get) up late, she (not catch) the bus. = =She should , or 二. 感叹句 (多。

啊!) 1.What + a/an/。

+ adj. + n. (+ 主语 + be)! (+ 从句) e.g.: clean classroom it ! honest kid Tom ! terrible news this ! fantastic concerts they ! funny place we went yesterday! 2. How + adj. + 主语 (the + n. /人名/代词) + be! How + adv. + 主语 + v.! How + adj./adv. + 从句! e.g.: 改写上面的句子. 短语、词组归纳] 由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:一、动词+介词1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …。

8.求初中外研版英语所有知识点,谢谢

我这里有个介词口诀:早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。

年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒in。

将来时态in。以后,小处at大处in。

有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。

特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。

介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置

词性 中文

1 what pron 什么

2 is v 是

3 what's what is的缩写形式

4 your pron 你的,你们的

5 name n 名字

6 my pron 我的

7 I pron 我

8 am v 是

9 I'm I am的缩写形式

10 in prep 在。里(内,上)

11 row n (一)排,(一)行

12 one num 一

13 number n 数字,号码

14 two num 二

15 too adv 也

16 three num 三

17 are v 是

18 you pron 你,你们

19 yes adv 是

20 four num 四

21 five num 五

22 no adv & adj 不,不是

23 not adv 不

24 hi interj 喂(问候或唤起注意)

25 class n (学校里的)班级,年级

26 grade n 年级

27 six num 六

28 seven num 七

29 eight num 八

30 nine num 九

31 ten num 十

32 zero num & n 零

33 plus prep 加,加上

34 it pron 它

35 it's it is的缩写形式

36 how adv (指程度)多少,怎样

37 old adj 。岁的,老的

38 eleven num 十一

39 twelve num 十二

40 minus prep 减,减去

41 thirteen num 十三

42 fourteen num 十四

43 fifteen num 十五

44 hello interj 喂(问候或唤起注意)

45 please interj 请

46 can v.aux 能,可以,会

47 spell v 拼写

48 that pron 那,那个

49 secret n 秘密

50 this pron 这,这个

初二外研版英语段考常考知识点总结

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